Heart disease is a broad term. It is used to encompass a number of related illnesses. A common thread running through these health conditions is that they have some sort of an effect on the heart or the blood vessels coming in or out of the heart. It is possible to have more than one type of heart diseases simultaneously. The heart disease affects the entire body.

The heart is divided into four compartments (two atria and two ventricles). There are also muscles, lining, valves, coronary arteries, veins, and an electrical system to control everything. Heart diseases are classified based on the affect they have on the different parts of the organ.

Chamber diseases

Illnesses that affect the chambers are known as congenital heart diseases. They mainly affect the heart’s ability to pump adequate blood to keep the body in a healthy shape.

Muscle diseases

Conditions that affect the muscles often leave them enlarged. Bacteria and virus are two common causes of these diseases. They make inflame the muscles.

Bacterial diseases

Some bacterial infections endocarditis (inner parts of the heart), and others affect pericarditis (outer lining of the heart). These are complex illnesses and usually require a surgery. Antibiotic treatments are also used to take care of these conditions.

Rhythm diseases

There are conditions that affect the beating rhythm of the heart. Many of these diseases do not require a treatment, but some are serious. These diseases can lead to heart block, ventricular fibrillation, and long QT syndrome.

Valve diseases

Illnesses affecting valves can lead to their narrowing, or outright blockage. Sometimes the valves malfunction, and the blood starts flowing in the wrong direction.

Coronary artery diseases

Most common heart conditions affect veins and arteries. Angina, ischemic heart disease, and atherosclerosis are a few conditions that affect the coronary artery. They pose a great risk to affected individuals, and can lead to stroke.